Unless you are 100% certain you intend to allow your dog or cat to breed, we recommend having your puppy/kitten desexed once it is 4-6 months old. Desexing has lots of health and behaviour benefits for both males and females.

There are numerous benefits for desexing (spaying) a female dog:
  • They will not develop uterine infections (pyometra)
  • They will not spot blood like when they were in season
  • They are significantly less likely to develop mammary tumours later in life.

Research states if your puppy is spayed before her first season (typically 6-12 months of age) then there is 98% reduction in risk of mammary tumour development (you are almost guaranteed she will not develop mammary tumours!). Each season your dog has increases the risk by about 20%.


​There are numerous benefits for desexing (castrating) a male dog:
  • They are less likely to be aggressive towards other dogs (not guaranteed, as there are a number of behaviours that can lead to aggression)
  • They are much less likely to develop prostate disease later in life.

Prostate disease can cause significant difficulty urinating, and can be a source of painful infection. 

  • They are less likely to try to escape your yard
  • They will not be motivated to seek out in-season female dogs

An entire (uncastrated) male dog can smell an in-season bitch up to 2km away!!

There are numerous benefits for desexing (spaying) a female cat:
  • They will not display in-heat behaviours such as restlessness and excessive vocalisation. 
  • We strongly recommend that your kitten is desexed if they are going to spend any time outdoors. Cats roam freely much further than dogs, and unwanted pregnancies are much more likely to occur.
  • Cats can produce multiple litters in a year, with most litters being larger than 4 kittens. 


There are numerous benefits for desexing (castrating) a male cat:
  • They are less likely to urine spray in their territory
  • They may not get into as many fights in the neighbourhood
  • They cannot contribute to the large population of feral/stray cats in our environment

What to do before and after surgery

Before surgery:

  • Make a booking for your pets operation.
  • If your pet is a dog, you can wash them the day before surgery as they are then unable to be washed for 10 days after their surgery.
  • You can give you pet an evening meal as normal the day prior to surgery, but do not leave food out overnight. Water should be freely available to your pet.
  • A blood test may be performed prior to surgery to check vital organ function.
  • The vet will perform a thorough physical examination before administering an anaesthetic.
  •  Intravenous fluid therapy is required during most types of surgery. This will be discussed with you prior to the procedure.
  • To ensure your pet is as comfortable as possible, all pets receive pain relief as part of the desexing procedure, and we may prescribe medication for you to administer at home for a few days after the procedure.

After Surgery:

  • Keep your pet restrained and quiet as the effects of anaesthetic can take some time to wear off completely.
  • Keeping them quiet is also essential to allow the wound to heal. Their activity levels will need to be restricted for 10 days after the operation.
  • Food should be limited to small portions only on the night of surgery. Follow any dietary instructions that the vet has provided.
  • Ensure all post-surgical medications (if any) are administered as per the label instructions.
  • Ensure your pet’s rest area is clean to avoid infection.
  • Check the surgical wound at least twice daily for any signs of infection or disruption (e.g. bleeding, swelling, redness or discharge). Contact the vet immediately if any of these occur. Do not wait to see if they will spontaneously resolve.
  • Prevent your pet from licking or chewing the wound. Special cone-shaped collars assist with this problem. A single chew can remove the careful stitching with disastrous effects.
  • Ensure you return to us on time for routine post-operative check-ups.