There are several types of seizures, and each type can look different.
- Your animal may still be conscious and behave normally, but part of their body is not functioning normally. (Simple partial seizure)
- Your animal may have a change in consciousness or behaviour, but only part of their body is not functioning normally. (Complex partial seizure)
- Your animal may collapse with muscle spasms over their whole body and fall unconscious or be non-responsive. (Gran Mal seizure)
You may see changes in behaviour in the time prior to a seizure, such as agitation, restlessness, seeking the owner, etc. This is called the “Pre-ictal” period and can be seconds to minutes prior to the seizure. The period when the animal is actively fitting is called the “Ictal” period. Most seizures last less than 2 minutes. You may see changes in behaviour in the time after the seizure, such as blindness, ravenous appetite, pacing, circling, pressing head on objects/walls, etc. This is called the “Post-ictal” period and can last from minutes to hours to days.
Depending of the cause and type of seizure, you may see some or all of these signs.